Gross Domestic Product (Gdp) Per Capita In China 1985, China Gdp Per Capita, 1957

Many economists care more about China’s per capita GDP, or income per person, than the aggregate measure. The key takeaway is that China remains a poor country, despite its phenomenal headline economic growth over the past four decades.

Đang xem: Gross domestic product (gdp) per capita in china 1985

CHICAGO – Economic reporting about China focuses far too much on total GDP and not enough on per capita GDP, which is the more revealing indicator. And this skewed coverage has important implications, because the two indicators paint significantly different pictures of China’s current economic and political situation. They also focus our attention on different issues.

A quick search through all English-language news outlets in the ProQuest database for the ten-year period from 2011-21 shows that 20,915 articles discussed China’s GDP, whereas only 1,163 mentioned its GDP per capita. The difference was proportionally even larger among the eight largest and most elite papers, including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post, where 5,963 articles referred to Chinese GDP and only 305 discussed the per capita measure.

In 2019, China’s GDP (measured at market exchange rates) of $14 trillion was the world’s second largest, after that of the United States ($21 trillion), with Japan ($5 trillion) in third place. Aggregate GDP reflects the total resources – including the tax base – available to a government. This is helpful for thinking about the size of China’s public investments, such as in its space program or military capacity. But it has much less bearing on Chinese people’s everyday lives.

Most economists therefore care more about China’s per capita GDP, or income per person, than the aggregate measure. And the key takeaway here is that China remains a poor country, despite its phenomenal headline GDP growth over the past four decades.

China’s per capita GDP in 2019 was $8,242, placing the country between Montenegro ($8,591) and Botswana ($8,093). Its per capita GDP in purchasing power parity (PPP) terms – with income adjusted to take account of the cost of living – was $16,804. This is below the global average of $17,811 and puts China 86th in the world, between Suriname ($17,256) and Bosnia and Herzegovina ($16,289). In contrast, GDP per capita in PPP terms in the US and the European Union is $65,298 and $47,828, respectively.

To understand the extent of poverty in China, we also need to consider the degree of inequality across its large population. China’s current level of income inequality (measured by the Gini coefficient) is similar to that found in the US and India. Given that 1.4 billion people live in China, the country’s inequality implies that there are still hundreds of millions of impoverished Chinese.

Subscribe to Project Syndicate

*

Enjoy unlimited access to the ideas and opinions of the world’s leading thinkers, including weekly long reads, book reviews, topical collections, and interviews; The Year Ahead annual print magazine; the complete PS archive; and more – forless than $9 a month.

The Chinese government has said that 600 million people have a monthly income of barely CN¥1,000 ($155), equivalent to an annual income of $1,860. Of these people, 75.6% live in rural areas.

To leave the ranks of the world’s poorest countries, China must significantly boost the incomes of a population about the size of that of Sub-Saharan Africa, and with a similar average income of $1,657. And the Chinese government is aware that it must do so in order to maintain popular support. All else being equal, it will be preoccupied for at least another generation by the need to increase domestic incomes.

But all else is rarely equal in politics, and governments can also bolster their popular support in ways that do not foster economic growth. The Chinese government, for example, emphasizes its role in defending the population against external or impersonal forces, such as earthquakes or the COVID-19 pandemic. It has also recently adopted an assertive stance regarding territorial disputes in the South China Sea and along the Chinese-Indian border.

Xem thêm: Tỷ Giá Lãi Suất Các Ngân Hàng Cá Nhân, Lãi Suất Dành Cho Khách Hàng Cá Nhân

Western countries have responded to these and other Chinese actions in a variety of ways. The US is ramping up its military presence in the South China Sea, while China also faces the threat of economic sanctions and a boycott of the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics because of human-rights concerns.

Experience suggests that sanctions, boycotts, and military pressure are unlikely to achieve their intended aims. Russia, for example, has faced Western economic sanctions since 2014 – and US President Joe Biden’s administration recently announced further punitive measures – but the Kremlin has persisted in its policy of occupation in eastern Ukraine’s Donbas region. Likewise, the boycotts of the 1980 Moscow Olympics and the 1984 Games in Los Angeles had little effect on either side in the Cold War.

On the contrary, military aggression often provokes a political backlash in the targeted country and strengthens support for its government. Economic sanctions can have similar effects and solidify public opinion behind more hardline policies.

The backlash effect is easily observed in China nowadays. Many Chinese think the West is seeking to reassert political dominance and feel painful reminders of colonialism and World War II, when China lost 20 million people, more than any country except the Soviet Union. The strong emotions triggered by Western policies toward China overshadow the fact that some of China’s actions are troubling countries like India, Vietnam, and Indonesia, which also suffered brutal colonial policies.

These emotional reactions also distract attention from important domestic issues, not least the need to boost incomes. China’s poor, most of whom probably care little about border disputes or international sporting events, will bear the brunt of any collateral damage.

To engage effectively with China, other countries should remember: contrary to first impressions, it is not an economic monolith. Behind the world’s second-highest GDP are hundreds of millions of people who just want to stop being poor.

For more than 25 years, Project Syndicate has been guided by a simple credo: All people deserve access to a broad range of views by the world”s foremost leaders and thinkers on the issues, events, and forces shaping their lives. At a time of unprecedented uncertainty, that mission is more important than ever – and we remain committed to fulfilling it.

But there is no doubt that we, like so many other media organizations nowadays, are under growing strain. If you are in a position to support us, please subscribe now.

As a subscriber, you will enjoy unlimited access to our On Point suite of long reads, book reviews, and insider interviews; Big Picture topical collections; Say More contributor interviews; Opinion Has It podcast features; The Year Ahead magazine, the full PS archive, and much more. You will also directly support our mission of delivering the highest-quality commentary on the world”s most pressing issues to as wide an audience as possible.

Xem thêm: Xsmn 15/4: Kết Quả Xổ Số 15 Tháng 4 : Kết Quả Xổ Số Miền Nam Hôm Nay

By helping us to build a truly open world of ideas, every PS subscriber makes a real difference. Thank you.

Xem thêm bài viết thuộc chuyên mục: Kinh tế

Khuyễn Mãi Hot

Bài viết hay nhất

Bán Đất Dự Án Kim Chung Di Trạch Tại Xã Di Trạch, Huyện Hoài Đức, Hà Nội
Bán Đất Dự Án Kim Chung Di Trạch Tại Xã Di Trạch, Huyện Hoài Đức, Hà Nội
Bạn Đang Xem Với Chủ Đề: ” Giá Vàng 9999 Hôm Nay Tại Bắc Giang Hôm Nay
Bạn Đang Xem Với Chủ Đề: ” Giá Vàng 9999 Hôm Nay Tại Bắc Giang Hôm Nay
Kết Quả Xổ Số Trà Vinh Ngày 9 Tháng 11 /2018, Kết Quả Xổ Số Trà Vinh Ngày 9 Tháng 4 Năm 2021
Kết Quả Xổ Số Trà Vinh Ngày 9 Tháng 11 /2018, Kết Quả Xổ Số Trà Vinh Ngày 9 Tháng 4 Năm 2021
Mở Thẻ Vietinbank Online Lấy Ngay 2021, Cách Làm Thẻ Atm Vietinbank Online
Mở Thẻ Vietinbank Online Lấy Ngay 2021, Cách Làm Thẻ Atm Vietinbank Online
Mẫu Đơn Xin Miễn Giảm Tiền Phạt Chậm Nộp Tờ Khai Thuế, Đơn Đề Nghị Giảm Mức Phạt Thuế
Mẫu Đơn Xin Miễn Giảm Tiền Phạt Chậm Nộp Tờ Khai Thuế, Đơn Đề Nghị Giảm Mức Phạt Thuế
Làm Thế Nào Khi Quên Số Tài Khoản Ngân Hàng Vietcombank Dễ Dàng Khi Quên
Làm Thế Nào Khi Quên Số Tài Khoản Ngân Hàng Vietcombank Dễ Dàng Khi Quên
Thông Tin Giá Cổ Phiếu Của Grab : Nikkei Asia, Thông Tin Giá Cổ Phiếu Grab Mới Nhất
Thông Tin Giá Cổ Phiếu Của Grab : Nikkei Asia, Thông Tin Giá Cổ Phiếu Grab Mới Nhất
Hướng Dẫn Chi Tiết Cách Đổi Mã Pin Thẻ Atm Acb Lần Đầu, Cách Đổi Mã Pin Thẻ Atm Acb Cho Người Mới Mới
Hướng Dẫn Chi Tiết Cách Đổi Mã Pin Thẻ Atm Acb Lần Đầu, Cách Đổi Mã Pin Thẻ Atm Acb Cho Người Mới Mới
Dự Án Thành Phố Mới Bình Dương, Thành Phố Mới Bình Dương
Dự Án Thành Phố Mới Bình Dương, Thành Phố Mới Bình Dương
Bán Nhà Đất Phường Cát Lái Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh, Bán Đất Nền Dự Án Phường Cát Lái, Quận 2
Bán Nhà Đất Phường Cát Lái Quận 2, Hồ Chí Minh, Bán Đất Nền Dự Án Phường Cát Lái, Quận 2
6 Cách Kiểm Tra Số Thẻ Techcombank Ghi Ở Đâu, Bao Nhiêu Số, Quên Số Thẻ Atm Techcombank Thì Sao
6 Cách Kiểm Tra Số Thẻ Techcombank Ghi Ở Đâu, Bao Nhiêu Số, Quên Số Thẻ Atm Techcombank Thì Sao
Techcombank Có Qr Pay Ko – Hd Thanh Toán Qua Ngân Hàng Techcombank
Techcombank Có Qr Pay Ko – Hd Thanh Toán Qua Ngân Hàng Techcombank
Ngân Hàng Câu Hỏi Cho Trẻ Mầm Non Ôn Giáo Viên Vòng 1, Câu Hỏi Trắc Nghiệm Cho Trẻ Mầm Non
Ngân Hàng Câu Hỏi Cho Trẻ Mầm Non Ôn Giáo Viên Vòng 1, Câu Hỏi Trắc Nghiệm Cho Trẻ Mầm Non
Bài Tập Kế Toán Chứng Khoán Kinh Doanh, Bài Tập Định Khoản Kế Toán Doanh Thu
Bài Tập Kế Toán Chứng Khoán Kinh Doanh, Bài Tập Định Khoản Kế Toán Doanh Thu
Indonesia: Tăng Trưởng Kinh Tế Ở Mức Âm Trong 4 Quý Liên Tiếp
Indonesia: Tăng Trưởng Kinh Tế Ở Mức Âm Trong 4 Quý Liên Tiếp